py42 Basics

This guide explains the basic concepts of py42. Learning these basics can help you gain confidence in writing your own scripts.

The examples from this guide are intended as blanket concepts that apply to other areas in py42. For example, paging over users and devices works the same way as over departing employees and alerts.


To use py42, you must initialize the SDK:

import py42.sdk

sdk = py42.sdk.from_local_account("", "my_username", "my_password")

If your account uses two-factor authentication, include the time-based one-time password:

sdk = py42.sdk.from_local_account("", "my_username", "my_password", totp="123456")

Alternatively, define a function that returns the time-based one-time password:

def promptForPassword():
    return input("Please input your authentication code: ")

sdk = py42.sdk.from_local_account("", "my_username", "my_password", totp=promptForPassword)

Alternatively, define a function that returns the auth token based on user’s authentication approach

import json
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
def jwt_provider():
    res = requests.get(
            auth=HTTPBasicAuth('username', 'password')
    res_json = json.loads(res.text)
    return res_json['data']['v3_user_token']

sdk_client = py42.sdk.from_jwt_provider("", jwt_provider)


py42 clients often have a method with the name (or name prefix) get_all which handles iterating over pages of response items. Here are some examples:

  • py42.sdk.devices.get_all()

  • py42.sdk.users.get_all()

  • py42.sdk.legalhold.get_all_matters()

  • py42.sdk.orgs.get_all()

These methods each return a python generator. Looping over the pages returned by the generator gives you access to the actual list of items. Use the code snippet below as an example for working with generators and paging in py42:

# Prints the username and user ID for all employees included on a watchlist

pages = sdk.watchlists.get_all_included_users(WATCHLIST_ID)  # pages has 'generator' type
for page in pages:  # page has 'Py42Response' type
    users = page["includedUsers"]
    for user in users:
        username = user["username"]
        user_id = user["userId"]
        print(f"{username}: {user_id}")

Each page is a typical py42 response. The next section covers what you can do with Py42Response objects.


py42 clients return Py42Response objects which are intentionally similar to requests.Response objects. The Py42Response class hides unneeded metadata found on the raw requests.Response.text (which is available as Py42Response.raw_text), making it easier to get the most useful parts of the response. Also, the object is subscriptable, meaning you can access it with keys or indices (depending on the JSON type underneath data on Code42 API responses):

user = response["users"][0]
item = list_response[0]["itemProperty"]

To see all the keys on a response, observe its .text attribute. By printing the response, you essentially print its text property:

# Prints details about the response from a getting a detection list user.

response = sdk.detectionlists.get_user("")
print(response)  # JSON as Dictionary - same as print(response.text)
print(response.raw_text)  # Raw API response
print(response.status_code)  # 200
cloud_usernames = response["cloudUsernames"]
# if the response might not contain the property you're looking for,
# check to see if it exists with data.get
cloud_usernames ="cloudUsernames")
if cloud_usernames:


Most dates in py42 support POSIX timestamps for date parameters. As an example, see :class:sdk.queries.filevents.filters.event_filter.EventTimestamp which is used for querying file events by their event timestamp.

from datetime import datetime, timedelta

import py42.sdk
import py42.util
from py42.sdk.queries.fileevents.file_event_query import FileEventQuery
from py42.sdk.queries.fileevents.filters.event_filter import EventTimestamp

sdk = py42.sdk.from_local_account("", "my_username", "my_password")

# Get the epoch date 14 days in the past
query_date = datetime.utcnow() - timedelta(days=14)
query_epoch = (query_date - datetime.utcfromtimestamp(0)).total_seconds()

query = FileEventQuery(EventTimestamp.on_or_after(query_epoch))

response = sdk.securitydata.search_file_events(query)

# Print all the md5 Checksums from every file event within the past 14 days.
file_events = response["fileEvents"]
for event in file_events:


py42 throws some of its own exceptions when failures occur. py42 exceptions are found in the py42.sdk.exceptions module. Some of the available exceptions are:

  • Py42ForbiddenError: (403) With your currently signed-in account, you don’t have the necessary permissions to perform the action you were trying to do.

  • Py42UnauthorizedError: (401) The username or password is incorrect.

  • Py42InternalServerError: (500) Likely an unhandled issue on our servers.

For example, you are making a create_sdk() function and want to print a more user-friendly message when the provided username or password are incorrect:

import keyring
import py42.sdk
from py42.exceptions import Py42UnauthorizedError

def create_sdk(username):
    """Tries to initialize SDK. If unauthorized, prints message and exits."""
        password = keyring.get_password("my_program", username)
        return py42.sdk.from_local_account("", username, password)
    except Py42UnauthorizedError:
        print("Invalid username or password.")